On December 11, the Nobel laureate in physics was born, Professor Max Born.
Max Born suggested that classical mechanics is not enough, and formulated “quantum mechanics” to describe the interaction of electrons in an atom. For these studies, he received a Nobel Prize. It is believed that he was the first to use the term “quantum mechanics”.
Born gain credence outside his native Germany: he was a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, an honorary member of the Royal Society of London, the US National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Royal Irish Academy, the Academies of Sciences of India, Romania and Peru.
He became a professor in Berlin, helped Planck in teaching. He was a lecturer at MIT, helping Schrodinger to find a way to unite particles and waves, later held a position of a dean at Göttingen University. When giving lectures at Cambridge, the physicist dealt with difficulties in the electromagnetic theory of Maxwell. He became a professor of natural philosophy in Edinburgh, succeeding Sir Charles Galton Darwin.
He brought up many famous students: Heisenberg, Dirac, Pauli, Fermi, Wiener. Born worked with many Soviet scientists including Fock, Frenkel, Boguslavsky and Rumer.
Born was one of those who contributed to science and was not widely known. The founder of cybernetics N. Wiener explains why: “The main role in the creation and initial development of quantum mechanics in Göttingen was played by Max Born and Heisenberg. Max Born was much older than Heisenberg, but despite the fact that his ideas were a basis for the new theory, the honor of creating quantum mechanics as an independent branch of science belongs to his younger colleague ... It was the most modest scientist I knew.”