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Quantum revolution: largest inventions of 2017

Quantum revolution: largest inventions of 2017

In 2017, a qubit-based computer outperformed bit-based devices for the first time.

It took less than a year for scientists to reach quantum superiority.

While in May 2017, the IBM computer using 17 qubits considered revolutionary, in July physicists from the USA and Russia announced the development of a quantum computer based on 51 qubits.

In November, IBM researchers reported about their discovery, providing a prototype of processor with 50 quantum bits.

Qubits can be integrated in various objects, including photons or ions. It is the application of diversified particles that the results of all the investigations depend on.

Yale University (USA) physicists created a special device, using sapphire mirrors and superconductive aluminum, for storing quantum information in sound waves.

Swiss researchers tried to stabilize qubit operations using graphene.

Explorers from the Northwestern University (USA) created quantum mechanical entanglement within the biological system, allowing them to popularize a pair of photons and to prove that quantum entanglement could be in biological objects.

Quantum computers can be mostly in-demand in medicine and biology.

In particular, a pharmaceutical company called Biogen signed a range of agreements on developing a quantum system able to compare drug products at the cellular level and to predict how a certain body will respond to them. One suggests that it will help to combat such diseases as disseminated sclerosis as well as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.

Oncologists believe that quantum computing will help humankind to kill cancer.

 

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